While getting ready in the morning, how many of you dread looking at those dark circles under your eyes? We bet most of you do. After all, no one likes seeing dark circles on a nice, glowing face! Concealing them for the umpteenth time, you again blame your binge-watching habit! If only you had not stayed up to watch one more episode!

However, you may stop with the blame game! While getting insufficient sleep is one of the major causes of dark circles, it is not the only one. There are several reasons why you may develop dark circles. Deficiencies of certain vitamins can also be the reason behind those dark under eyes. Let us have a look at what deficiencies cause under eye dark circles. Before we do that, have you ever wondered why dark circles are so prominent? The thin skin under the eyes is to be blamed for this. Since it is the thinnest area of skin in the human body, it accentuates the dark circles, making them even more noticeable.


What Causes Dark Circles

What Causes Dark Circles

Dark circles are formed due to several reasons, apart from lack of sleep. These reasons include:

  • Ageing
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Nutritional deficiencies

Moreover, as we start to age, the production of collagen decreases, which can make the bluish blood vessels under your eyes more evident. Dehydration and anaemia can also darken the under eye skin. Let’s understand in detail what deficiencies cause dark circles, and what other reasons cause them.


Lack of Sleep

Lack of Sleep Causes Dark Circles

Getting inadequate sleep is one of the foremost causes of dark circles. When you are asleep, the body repairs the skin and other tissues; and the blood flow nurtures your skin and makes it glow. Thus, when you do not sleep enough, your skin does not get it's time to rejuvenate, resulting in puffy eyes and dark circles developing under them. Moreover, the lack of sleep also makes the skin dull, which makes the dark blood vessels under the eyes even more prominent.


Iron Deficiency

Iron Deficiency Causes Dark Circles

Deficiency of iron is another common cause of dark circles. If you are not consuming foods rich in iron, it will not only affect your body, but also give you darker under eyes. Iron is vital for the production of haemoglobin in the body. When the body lacks iron, it leads to a poor supply of oxygenated blood to the skin under your eyes. Thus, in this way, iron deficiency causes dark circles.


Vitamin Deficiencies

Vitamin Deficiencies Causes Dark Circles

Deficiencies in certain vitamins, such as vitamins B12, E, K and D, cause dark circles. Vitamin B12 is strongly associated with the production of red blood cells in the body. When B12 levels are low, you are more likely to have iron deficiency, which leads to dark circles. Consuming a diet rich in all vitamins will thus help to keep those under the eyes from getting darker.


While deficiencies cause dark circles, sometimes the reason for this dark under eyes can also be genetic. If your parents have dark circles, then you cannot entirely escape them, and this has been proved by research. According to a study that was conducted in 2015, genetics is an important factor associated with dark circles. That’s because genetics can determine collagen and melanin production in the body, and these are two factors that contribute to dark circles.


Certain allergic reactions can cause dark circles. Confused about how the two are related? Let us explain. When you have an allergic reaction to something, your body releases histamines as a response. These histamines lead to several uncomfortable symptoms such as itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes. Apart from these, histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin. This is how allergies can cause dark circles.



Ageing Causes Dark Circles

As you start getting older, the tissue around the eyes starts becoming thinner. This causes the eyes to look puffy and swollen. Loss of fatty tissue around the eyes also happens as you age, and because of this, the dark circles under the eyes become more evident.


Eye Strain

Eye Strain Causes Dark Circles

Today, we are all constantly staring at screens, whether it is a small mobile screen, a tablet screen, a laptop screen or a TV screen! No matter what time of day, we are constantly in front of a screen. All of this staring at screens can cause significant strain on the eyes. Because of this strain, the blood vessels around the eyes may enlarge. Due to this, you may develop dark circles under your eyes.


Smoking and Alcohol Consumption

Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Causes Dark Circles

Regularly smoking cigarettes restricts blood flow in the body, which gives a pale appearance to the skin and accentuates dark circles as well. Moreover, according to research, smokers have reported feeling unrested after a night’s sleep. This too increases the presence of dark circles under the eyes. Excessive alcohol consumption also worsens dark circles. It causes blood vessels to open further, giving your eyes a swollen appearance.


How To Get Rid of Dark Circles Naturally?

How To Get Rid of Dark Circles Naturally?

While seeing those dark circles under your eyes every day might be frustrating, there are ways to treat them naturally. Here, we list some easy home remedies to help you manage this condition:

  • Use a cold compress

Using a cold compress on the eyes can help reduce the puffiness and also shrink dilated blood vessels. If you do not have a cold compress, you can create one easily at home! You just need to wrap some ice cubes in a clean cloth and you’re all set! Keep this on your eyes for 15-20 minutes every day. Repeat this every day, it’ll help eliminate the dark circles.

  • Use cold tea bags

If you drink green tea regularly, start saving those tea bags! They can help to get rid of dark circles. The tea in these tea bags contains antioxidants that can stimulate blood circulation in the skin beneath the eyes.

To use them, soak tea bags in hot water for a few minutes and then freeze them for a few minutes to cool them down. Once they are cold, apply them to your eyes and let them sit for 20 minutes. Once done, wash your eyes with cold water.

  • Get enough sleep

This may sound obvious, but one of the best ways to get rid of dark circles is to get adequate sleep. When you get seven to eight hours of sleep every night, your body gets time to rejuvenate and repair.

  • Use cucumber slices

Using cucumber slices can soothe tired eyes and reduce swelling as well. Cut thin slices and freeze them. Once cool, keep them on the eyes and leave it for 5-10 minutes. Since cucumber is high in vitamin C and water content, it will moisturise the skin as well.