There can be several reasons for black spots on the face, one of the most common being sun exposure. Black or brown spots can affect every skin type and appear out of nowhere, there’s no escaping this common skin problem. However, if you know what is causing black spots on the face and how to treat them effectively, you can achieve flawless skin and get rid of dull, mature-looking skin. While some spots fade on their own others are too stubborn and require effective treatment. Here’s everything you need to know about the causes and treatment of black spots, read on to find out...


1. Causes of black spots

Causes of black spots

As seen above, there are quite a number of factors that lead to black spots on the face. Let's take a look at four of them closely:


- Hyperpigmentation due to sun exposure

Hyperpigmentation due to sun exposure

A major cause of black spots on the face is due to the production of melanin which is caused by sun exposure. As the exposure increases so does the percentage of dark spots, this is also called Melasma. Other than the harmful UVA and UVB rays from the sun, dirt and impurities are also responsible for the excess production of melanin in the skin cells. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin problem and can be avoided by wearing sunscreen during the day and applying it every few hours. No matter what your skin type, never skip the sunscreen and carry a tube in your bag at all times.


- Acne


Whether you have acne-prone skin or not women with every skin type wake up with the uninvited guest (read acne) once in a while. These acne or breakouts almost always leave black spots on the face. Although they fade away with time, it is recommended to not touch or pick on your acne to avoid dark spots. Apply a night cream religiously as they help fade wrinkles and dark spots on the skin. Break the habit of frequently touching your face as this is one of the major causes of acne and breakouts on the skin.


- Ageing


The signs of aging do not appear at the same time for everyone. It all depends on your lifestyle and genes. But one of the most common signs of aging other than fine lines is black spots on the face. The skin loses its elasticity and is more prone to dark spots and damaged cells as you age. Spots that appear due to ageing are known as lentigines. It is recommended to use an anti-aging cream if you start noticing the signs of aging in your mid-twenties.


- Removing facial hair

Removing facial hair

While not everyone will have the same effects from removing facial hair, sometimes threading, waxing and tweezing can cause the pores to get inflamed. This may also lead to black spots on the face, especially among those with sensitive skin types. While it is okay to get rid of facial hair, look for a method that does not irritate your skin. As dark spots caused due to these methods take much longer to heal and fade.


2. How to treat black spots on the face naturally

How to treat black spots on the face naturally

Even though black spots might seem stubborn, they can be treated at home. With the help of a few natural ingredients, all you need to do is use them consistently and watch the spots fade away. Here are some of the best natural treatments for black spots at home...


- Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera gel

Aloe vera is the superhero of natural ingredients, brimming with vitamins A, B, C and E it naturally improves skin texture and discoloration. It also possesses anti-aging and skin nourishing properties which help fade and remove black spots on the face. Its antiseptic properties also kill germs and bacteria and prevent the occurrence of acne and pimples. Applying fresh or store-bought aloe gel on a daily basis can work wonders for every skin type as it leaves your skin feeling soft and smooth. 

  • How often: Use daily for best results.



- Tomatoes


Tomatoes are rich in lycopene which is a natural skin lightening agent and is therefore recommended as an effective remedy for black spots on the face. Applying tomato paste or pulp on your skin can bring a natural glow to your face and leave it feeling soft and smooth. Tomato also works great as a toner as it has skin tightening properties, with regular use you will notice fine lines and enlarged pores disappearing from your face. Other than applying you can also consume raw tomatoes by adding them to your salads and reap maximum benefits out of it. 

  • How often: Use this remedy twice a week for the best results.

- Chickpeas


High in zinc, chickpeas are known for curing acne-causing infections as well as black spots on the face. Its detoxifying properties correct discoloration as well as improve skin texture with regular use. Owing to its great combination of minerals and nutrients, chickpeas also have the power to repair damaged skin cells. You can use it as a face mask by mixing 4 tablespoons of crushed chickpeas along with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice. Apply evenly all over the face focusing on the spots and rinse off after 15-20 minutes. This face pack will also control excess oil while helping fade dark spots. 

  • How often: Use this remedy twice a week for best results.

- Raw milk

Raw milk

The lactic acid in milk soothes, calms skin and lightens facial spots. The topical application of raw milk not only lightens the skin but also helps get rid of dead cells from the surface. The nourishing nutrients of milk penetrate deep into the pores and supply essential vitamins and minerals as well as prevent blackheads and acne. To fade black spots on the face take a cotton pad, pour a few drops of raw milk on it and dab on your facial spots every night before going to bed. Wash your face in the morning and see a healthy glow. You can also use raw milk to cleanse your skin after a long day to get rid of dirt and grime.

  • How often: Use this remedy thrice a week for best results. 

- Potato juice

Potato juice

Potatoes are rich in an enzyme called catecholase, which is a popular skin bleaching agent found in various foods. Potato juice is especially good at treating black spots caused by sun exposure, and also some superficial freckles and melasma scars. To use it, mix equal parts of potato juice with yogurt or lemon juice to make a face-brightening mask. Keep for about 15 minutes and wash with cool water. The acidic of this mask will help lighten black spots after consistent use. 

  • How often: Use this remedy twice a week for best results.

- Honey


Honey is a well-known kitchen ingredient that can help deal with a variety of skin issues. It is moisturising in nature, which means using it on your skin won't strip it of natural oils and make it dry. When it comes to dealing with black spots, honey can help as well. It is known to exfoliate dead skin cells from the surface of your skin and reveal clearer and brighter skin underneath. To use it for black spots, massage raw honey on your problem areas. Keep for about 10 minutes and wash with lukewarm water. 

How often: Use this remedy thrice a week for best results.


3. Other remedies to treat dark spots

Other remedies to treat dark spots

Here are some other remedies to treat black spots:

  • Hydrate yourself:

One of the best ways to get clear and glowing skin is by getting rid of all the toxins from your body. While external care matters, what you consume also makes a difference. Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water each day is the most natural way to get healthy and flawless skin. It flushes out all the toxins and waste from your body which means it helps black spots on the face heal and fades faster. Include fruits and vegetables with high water content such as cucumbers and watermelon in your diet.

  • Look for skin-lightening ingredients:

Label-check your skincare buys for skin lightening ingredients like vitamin C, kojic acid, azelaic acid, soy protein, etc.

  • Opt for clinical treatments:

Non-invasive (or mildly invasive) skincare treatments like lasers, chemical peels and microdermabrasion can help deal with black spots.


4. FAQs about black spots

FAQs about black spots

1) Which vitamin deficiency causes black spots on the face?

A. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been linked with increased production of melanin, leading to hyperpigmentation marks like black spots. Treat this with supplements or eating a vitamin B12 rich diet - full of fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products. If you do not consume animal products, breakfast cereals are often formulated with vitamin B12 and can be a good source for vegetarians. 

2) Is Vitamin C good for dark spots?

A. Yes, vitamin C has been known to inhibit melanin production and help fade black spots on the skin. The application of this ingredient can help brighten your skin for a more even-toned complexion. 

3) How to remove dark spots on the face for dark skin?

A. For dealing with black spots on darker skin complexions, one of the best ways is to exfoliate properly. Use chemical exfoliators like AHA and BHA - they gently slough off the top layer of your skin and boost rejuvenation of clearer skin underneath.