You may have heard about it from dermatologists and read about it as the ingredient that works wonders for anti-ageing. Pick any skincare product formulated for mature skin and you will find retinol in the ingredient list. But do you know exactly what it is, why it needs a spot in your skincare routine or how to use it?
Using a product or ingredient just because everyone is talking about it won’t help. It is essential to learn about the ingredients you are putting on your skin so that you know what results to expect. Hence, today we are going to give you a 101 on retinol, are you ready?
What is retinol?
A type of retinoid, retinol is found in vitamin A. The reason why there’s a surge in products containing this ingredient is because it offers more than just one benefit. It mildly exfoliates the skin to help get rid of damaged skin cells, promotes collagen production, fights free radicals and unclogs pores to treat blackheads and acne. The right age to start using products with this ingredient differs from person to person. However, skin experts recommend using retinol from the age of 25.
Is it suitable for all skin types?
Products with retinol are available in concentrations as low as 0.01% and are still effective in giving the desired results. Those with sensitive skin or fewer skin problems do not need a highly concentrated formula. When you start using retinol, it is recommended to begin with a lower concentration and different application methods to understand the skin’s tolerance level.
For sensitive skin, it is better to start with the lowest concentration level which is 0.01%. Those with normal to combination skin can opt for a little higher strength around 0.04% and use it only 2-3 times a week.
Those with oily skin and major skin problems can go up to 0.5 – 1% to get rid of deep wrinkles, prominent pores and blackheads. If your skin looks red or feels irritated, reduce the frequency of usage and find the right balance.
How to use retinol?
- Use only a pea-sized amount to cover your entire face and look for a product that contains 0.05% of retinol every alternate day.
- Apply moisturiser as you normally do to prevent dryness and irritation that might occur with the use of retinol.
- Retinol will make your skin sensitive, therefore never skip sunscreen.
- Use it as a part of your nighttime routine as sunlight can decrease its effectiveness.