These are tiny blemishes that look whitish in appearance. They are called closed comedones and have oil and dead skin enclosed inside. They are caused by excess oil production that settles into pores. Dr. Aparna Santhanam says, “Both whiteheads and blackheads are known as grade 1 acne. They’re milder forms of acne. These require just a mild face wash that controls oil and tackles inflammation, perhaps something like the Pond’s Pimple Clear Face Wash.” After all, this face wash is infused with Active Thymo-T Essence that uses Lock+Clear technology to banish pimples.
Small blemishes that look like black dots are known as blackheads. These are open and when exposed to air, the debris inside your follicle gets oxidized. They are often a result of dead skin buildup or if your skin isn’t exfoliated properly.
Papules are acne that don’t contain pus. They’re what your pimple looks like when it’s passed beyond a whitehead and there’s debris, which causes inflammation. This kind of pimple requires a soothing agent that calms it down. Santhanam explains, “Papules are reddish forms of acne that can be anywhere in the face—forehead, cheeks or nose. These don’t require antibiotics and can be treated with mild cleansers.”
Talking about pustules, Santhanam says, “These are bigger acne and you can almost see clusters of acne when you have pustules. This is when you might require antibiotics or even glycolic acid.” These are a lot like papules, except that pustules have pus in them. They’re red, yellowish and whitish in the center.
Nodules and cysts
Nodules and cysts appear when blocked pores get all the more irritated and go deeper into the skin. While nodules are hard, cysts are smaller, contain pus and are rather painful. These are the ones that invariably leave a scar if you’re the kind who pops a pimple. According to Dr. Santhanam, this is the kind of acne that needs both antibiotics and topical treatments.