Deeper skin tones are rich in melanin and can respond in different ways as compared to lighter or wheatish skin tones. This is especially true when you are dealing with potent acids that penetrate deep into your skin and work on transforming its texture and look. You have to be careful while using acids for melanin-rich skin; improper use can lead to hyperpigmentation and irritation. Here is a guide on using 5 of the trendiest skincare acids for deeper skin tones...
01. Salicylic acid
Salicylic is a safe to use acid for acne-prone and oily skin types. The ingredient functions as an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agent to keep breakouts under control. It is also an excellent exfoliator and sebum balancer that can be used in multiple stages of your routine - cleanser, serum or even moisturiser. Products with 2% salicylic acid strength are ideal for deeper skin tones.
02. Glycolic acid
A potent exfoliating agent, glycolic acid is an AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) that is used in chemical peels, toners and cleansers to slight off dead skin cells from your skin. This acid has the lowest molecular weight among all of AHAs and is thus highly penetrative in nature. This can sometimes lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation issues for deeper skin types. Which is why it is recommended to use the much gentler mandelic acid in order to avoid such instances.
03. Lactic acid
Lactic acid is yet another gentle exfoliator that helps to refine your skin but without disrupting its moisture barrier. Sourced from milk, lactic acid is also naturally found in your skin and helps improve its texture with regular use. For daily use, look for products with a maximum of 10% concentration with a pH of 3.4 to 5.
04. Hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a godsend for melanin-rich dry skin! The powerful ingredient is also naturally occurring in the skin and is responsible for maintaining the moisture balance of the lipid barrier. Look for formulations that are made with supporting ingredients, like lactobionic acid and lumicol, that can help control hyperpigmentation and reduce the appearance of dark spots and fine lines with regular use.
05. Ascorbic acid
There is a misconception in the skincare community that the brightening and lightening ingredient ascorbic acid (vitamin C) can disrupt your natural skin tone. This is not true as vitamin C targets hyperpigmentation specifically and does not cause any harm to your natural skin tone. Just make sure to wear sunscreen every single day in order to allow the ingredient to do its job.