Uneven skin tone is one of the major skin woes that most women have to deal with. Pigmentation can either cover large areas or appear in small, dark patches on the skin.

But what causes pigmentation in the first place, you ask? Pigmentation is caused due to overproduction of melanin — the pigment responsible for determining the skin and hair colour. Factors such as sun damage, hormonal imbalance or any kind of injury to the skin can cause pigmentation. However, just like acne, not all pigmentations are the same and need to be treated differently.

Ahead, a list of the most common types of pigmentation and how you can deal with them effectively…

 

Melasma

Melasma

Melasma is caused due to hormonal imbalance in the body, and therefore most women experience melasma during/after pregnancy. Discolouration caused due to melasma is usually most prominent around the forehead, cheeks and nose. While this type of pigmentation usually goes away on its own, a good way to prevent it from getting worse is by applying a generous amount of sunscreen every single day.

 

Age spots

Age spots

Age spots are dark flat pigmentation marks that are fairly common in middle-aged and older women. Age spots are also commonly referred to as sun spots because you tend to develop them after several years of unprotected sun exposure. You can use corrective and skin brightening creams to reduce the appearance of pigmentation, but you know what they say: prevention is better than cure. Thus, always wear sunscreen to keep your skin protected from the harmful rays of the sun.

 

Freckles

Freckles

This is perhaps the most common type of benign pigmentation that is common in people with lighter skin tones. The main reason for developing freckles is exposure to sunlight. But the good thing about freckles is that when you start taking precautions or avoiding direct sunlight, then tend to lighten over time.

 

Post-inflammatory pigmentation

Post-inflammatory pigmentation

If you have sensitive skin that is super prone to scarring, then chances are that a slight injury to your skin could also lead to pigmentation in the area. Therefore, a lot of times, common problems such as acne, rashes or even cosmetic treatments such as chemical peels could lead to the appearance of hyperpigmentation on your skin. To treat this issue, it is important to give your skin a boost of antioxidant-rich and repairing creams to properly heal the skin and prevent it from further damage.