Uneven skin tone is downright annoying, but this skin issue far from uncommon. Dark spots, redness and white patches are as common as cough and cold and can affect literally anyone. Whether you are a teenager or a new mom, you can fall prey to the pesky pigmentation.

But it doesn’t mean you have to live with pigmentation and dark spots on your skin all your life. You can fight stubborn spots and get even-toned skin in no time. But before anything else, read everything you need to know about pigmentation—what it is, what causes it and how to keep your skin blemish-free. 

What is pigmentation?
 

What is pigmentation?

Pigmentation is a skin condition that causes coloured or discoloured patches on the skin. It happens when the cell’s melanin (skin pigment) gets affected due to a skin condition, trauma in skin tissue or natural causes like ageing. The pigmentation could be blemishes, scars or patches, which keep you from flaunting even-toned and spotless skin.

What causes pigmentation?
 

What causes pigmentation?

Pigmentation can be caused by a number of reasons. Skin allergies and inflammation, skin concerns like acne and ageing, long sun exposure, change in hormone levels, insect bites, skin disease and more. It is a skin condition that is mostly a result of sun exposure, inflammation or age, or worsened by these factors.

How to prevent and deal with pigmentation
 

How to prevent and deal with pigmentation

You can prevent pigmentation by eating right and using the right skincare products for your skin type. Always wear sunscreen to protect your skin from free radicals (trust us, it is root cause of all your skin problems) and don’t pick at your pimples and scars as it makes the pigmentation worse. 

To get even-toned skin and reduce pigmentation, try skincare products rich in Vitamin C, kojic acid and retinoid (for dark spots). They will lighten marks and dark spots and brighten your complexion. Alternatively, you can always rely on natural ingredients like aloe vera gel, coconut oil, potato juice and green tea that heal and nourish the skin and fade away the blemishes.