Check out this guide on what are blemishes and how to prevent them from occurring on your face.

what are blemishes on face

If you enjoy socialising but hide from the world because you’re self conscious about blemishes, then here's how you can fix it. The blemishes that appear on the face are the most frustrating, aren't they? Well, now you won't have to worry about eliminating those embarrassing blemishes because we got you covered! Read on to find out what are blemishes on face and how to get rid of them. 

What are blemishes on face? 

Blemishes are any marks, spots or discolourations on the skin. While their sight may affect your confidence, blemishes on the face are usually not harmful or life-threatening. They may, however, be signs of skin cancer in some cases. Learn about the different types of blemishes and how they can be treated below. 

Types of blemishes 

Any type of skin mark is considered a blemish. They can be of various types. 

  1. Acne 

Acne is one of the most common blemishes and can appear in the form of: 

  • Pimples 

  • Whiteheads 

  • Blackheads  

Acne results from clogged hair follicles due to sebum, dirt, or bacteria. In some cases, acne leaves pockmarks, dark marks or scars on the skin.  

Acne may be caused by hormonal changes. Although it's not considered a root cause of acne, stress can make acne worse by increasing the production of sebum. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Hyperpigmentation 

Dark patches or an uneven skin tone can result from excessive melanin production. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by: 

  • Acne scarring 

  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy 

  • Sun exposure 

You can also use the Lakme Absolute Perfect Radiance Brightening Serum to reduce pigmentation and brighten your skin. Apply the serum twice daily after cleansing your skin and you will notice your pigmentation reducing gradually. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Scars 

When the dermis layer is damaged, the skin is scarred. There are capillaries (small blood vessels), sweat glands, hair follicles and nerve endings deep within the dermis. Scarring can result from anything that breaks the skin, such as a popped pimple or wound. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Papules 

The term papule refers to a variety of small skin lesions. Their size is typically about 1 centimetre. These lesions are typically pink or brown in colour. Occasionally, pimples may be referred to as papules. They can come in any shape and may occur individually or in clusters. Among the different forms of papules are: 

  • Eczema 

  • Psoriasis 

  • Dermatitis 

  • Chickenpox rashes 

  • Shingles  

what are blemishes on face

  1. Nodules 

A nodule is a collection of tissue. They're usually 1 to 2 centimetres in diameter, and harder to touch than papules. Nodules can appear at any level of the skin. They can be flesh-coloured or red in colour. Examples of nodules include skin tags and warts. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Pustules 

Pustules are bumps that are filled with fluid or pus. Pustules can be whiteheads or chickenpox blisters. Scabies and rosacea are other conditions that can cause pustules, which are characterized by redness and visible blood vessels. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Age spots or liver spots 

Sun exposure can result in these small, dark spots forming anywhere on the body. People over 50 are more likely to develop them, but younger people can also be affected. Age spots are a form of hyperpigmentation. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Ingrown hair 

When you wax, tweeze, or shave your hair, you may develop ingrown hairs. An ingrown hair grows back into the skin and becomes trapped. As a result, a red bump forms. Ingrown hairs may be more common in curly hair than in straight hair. 

A large, fluid-filled ingrown hair cyst can also develop as a result of ingrown hairs. These cysts can appear red, white, or yellow. They may be painful or uncomfortable to touch. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Birthmarks 

Typically, birthmarks appear at or soon after birth. Their size, form, and colour may vary. A mole or port-wine stain is a type of birthmark that lasts for life. Others, such as salmon patches and hemangiomas, fade with time. 

what are blemishes on face

  1. Cysts 

Cysts come in many different types. Here are some examples: 

  • Sebaceous cysts 

  • Ganglion cysts 

  • Epidermoid cysts 

A cyst is a benign (noncancerous) sac that contains fluid. They can appear as bumps of differing sizes under the skin or on the surface, and are often round. 

How to get rid of blemishes on face 

The best way to get rid of blemishes on face is to prevent them. Listed below are some helpful tips and measures to prevent blemishes on the face. 

  • Practice healthy hygiene : The first step to preventing blemishes is to practice good hygiene. Prior to bedtime, make sure to clean your face thoroughly. Be sure to change your pillowcases and sheets every week to prevent bacterial infections. 

  • Use a sunscreen – Protecting your skin from the sun is essential if you want to avoid sunspots. To protect yourself from UVA and UVB rays, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, such as Dermalogica Powerbright Face Moisturiser SPF 50 With Sunscreen. It not only protects your skin against the harmful rays of sun, but also prevents dark spots, reduces uneven pigmentation, and evens out your skin tone. 

what are blemishes on face

  • Make changes in your diet: Keeping your skin healthy and free of blemishes is possible if you eat a diet rich in vitamin C and E. Also, refrain from consuming dairy products that can aggravate acne. 

  • The right skin care routine: Stick to the skincare routine recommended by your dermatologist or according to your skin type. Additionally, avoid pore-clogging skin care and makeup products that contain comedogenic ingredients. 

  • Hydration: Drinking about 3 liters of water a day will ensure that your skin is fully hydrated and flushed of toxins, preventing skin blemishes. 

  • Regularly exfoliate your skin: Keep pores clean by exfoliating the skin regularly. The best face scrubs for blemishes are those that contain anti-bacterial agents, such as Simple Daily Skin Detox Clear Pore Facial Scrub. It contains thyme, zinc and witch hazel that help eliminate pore-clogging dirt, oil and makeup to leave your skin purified. 

what are blemishes on face

  • Avoid touching your face all the time: If you have bumps on the face, resist the urge to touch your face all the time. This may spread the blemishes even further. 


What are the differences between acne and blemishes? 

In acne, pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads are visible on the skin. Blemishes decolorize the skin. Blemishes and acne are two different types of skin conditions. However, blemishes can occur as a result of acne. 

How can I get rid of blemishes on face at home? 

Blemishes can be removed with a little tomato juice or lemon juice applied to the affected area. Additionally, moisturizing the area with natural ingredients like honey and aloe vera gel helps improve the texture of your skin over time. 

When should I see a dermatologist for blemishes? 

If a blemish causes psychological distress or a person wishes to treat it for cosmetic reasons, a dermatologist may be consulted. If a person develops a skin blemish that appears to have any of the following characteristics, they should consult their dermatologist immediately. 

  1. The blemish grows quickly 

  1. It changes in shape, size, and colour 

  1. The blemish itches or bleeds