Is dandruff causing your scalp to be itchy, flaky and crusty? If your answer to all this is ‘hell yes’, then we have something you might thank us for. First of all, you must understand that the dandruff in your hair may be caused due to several reasons. Factors like weather change, environmental aggressors, oily skin, poor hygiene are responsible for causing dandruff. But fret not; with a few amazing ingredients in your arsenal, you can tackle dandruff like a pro.

Here are five dandruff-fighting ingredients that you should include in your hair care routine to keep your scalp dandruff-free.


01. Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid

Our go-to acne treatment, salicylic acid, also does a good job when it comes to treating dandruff. It gets rid of dry skin and dandruff while also moisturising your scalp in the process. It also helps treat pronounced dermatitis — a skin condition that leaves your scalp itchy, inflamed and swollen.


02. Pyrithione zinc

Pyrithione zinc

Pyrithione zinc helps fight off fungal infections like malassezia on your scalp. It works directly to eliminate the dandruff causing yeast from the scalp. Therefore it is a good idea to make hair care products with pyrithione zinc a part of your routine. This active ingredient is gentle on your scalp as well, so it treats dandruff without harming your scalp’s health.


03. Ketoconazole


Excessive yeast formation on the scalp is one of the biggest causes of dandruff and this ingredient helps you tackle just that. Ketoconazole works towards slowing and eventually stopping the growth of dandruff-causing yeast. Besides helping combat dandruff, ketoconazole also aids in hair growth — so don’t think twice before making this a part of your hair care routine.


04. Selenium sulfide

Selenium sulfide

Selenium sulfide is amazing for getting rid of white flakes and itchiness that tags along with dandruff. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties, this ingredient is a go-to treatment to reduce itchiness in your scalp. The best bit is that it is available in many over-the-counter hair care products. So go ahead and give it a try.


05. Coal tar

Coal tar

For the longest time, coal tar has been used as an anti-dandruff ingredient. Due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties, this ingredient helps dead skin shed faster and slows down the growth of new skin cells, which in turn helps reduce dandruff production on your scalp. It also soothes the scalp to alleviate itchiness. So, if you want to get rid of the embarrassing white flakes from your shoulder, make coal tar a part of your dandruff care routine right away.