When it comes to dealing with skin woes like acne and pigmentation, your first step should always include getting to the root cause of the problem. Mindlessly trying out various treatments to deal with these issues can do more harm than good for your skin — something you (obviously) don’t want. Same goes for dark spots — a common skin concern faced by several women. To help you tackle this issue effectively, we got in touch with Dr Kiran Sethi, MD, Celeb Skin and Wellness Expert, Isya Aesthetics.

Read on as she gives us the lowdown on how to deal with dark spots and highlights the ingredients that work best in fading them!

best ingredients to get rid of dark spots

According to Dr Kiran Sethi, dark spots can be caused to internal and external factors. “When it comes to external factors, sun damage is the number one cause for dark spots (like freckles) to show up on the skin. Internally, inflammation is an issue — so any acne or injury or burn will typically cause marks. Finally, odd disorders like lichen planus can cause pigmentation (which is typically inflammatory) as well,” she says.

Fortunately, there is hope. Dr Kiran claims that dark spots are not particularly challenging to deal with. “It just depends on the depth of the pigmentation. The more superficial the mark, the easier to treat. The deeper the mark — so if it goes into the dermis — the harder it is to treat. But dark spots are easily treatable with laser, peels or microdermabrasion treatments or creams, depending on their depth.”

We are sure this piece of good news will cheer up anyone looking for dark spots solutions.

best ingredients to get rid of dark spots

Key ingredients that help get rid of dark spots:

01. Alpha-Arbutin - A naturally derived substance from bearberry, cranberries, blueberries, wheat, and pears; alpha-arbutin slowly releases hydroquinone and is considered as one of the most potent brightening agents in the beauty world. What makes it so desirable is the fact that it is natural — making it a safer option to deal with pigmentation mark.

02. Vitamin C - Vitamin C fades dark spots like a dream! A gentle chemical exfoliant, it helps slough off discoloured skin without disturbing the protective barrier. Add on the antioxidant properties — vitamin C helps fight free radical damage, aids in the regeneration process by repairing damaged skin cells and replacing them with new ones.

03. Kojic Acid - Kojic acid proves super effective when it comes to dealing with dark spots caused due to ageing. The ingredient is also known for treating melasma — darkening of the skin due to pregnancy.

04. Liquorice Extract - A multipurpose ingredient that doesn't just fade existing dark spots but also stops new ones from forming — liquorice extract is another plant-based agent that is good for your skin. It slows down the production of tyrosinase, which is responsible for developing dark spots. It also inhibits excess melanin, giving your skin a brighter and more glowing complexion.

05. Retinol - A common chemical exfoliator used to deal with so many skin issues, retinol also works well for fading dark spots too. It increases the rate of skin cell turnover and boosts collagen production in the skin, resulting in increased elasticity and clear complexion.

06. AHA's - Alpha hydroxy acids are water-soluble compounds made for made from sugary fruits. They work on fading dark spots by peeling the top layer of your skin, replacing it with new and more evenly toned skin.

best ingredients to get rid of dark spots

Expert advice on mistakes to avoid while dealing with dark spots

Dr Kiran advises being mindful when dealing with dark spots.“People get too aggressive with them. When you go overboard with creams, it can cause further irritation and worsen the mark. Treat marks appropriately with guidance; they will go. Also, know why the marks are caused! Many people think that all marks are alike; they are not. Different marks require different treatments and care. You must get to the source of the issue and treat it accordingly with the right guidance,” she concludes.